About the FICO Credit Score
Because we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to one number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and the like.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to calculate a credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most people who want to get a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
Credit scores make a huge difference in your interest rate
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my credit score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to obtain your score and be sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call at 310-379-5997.